Documents on martial law in the Archives of the National Commission of NSZZ „Solidarność” to be used in modern education of the youth
We would like to present some archival materials held in the Historical Archives of the National Commission of “Solidarity“. They may be used for educational purposes during history, social studies and Polish language classes focusing on martial law in Poland. The Historical Archives of the National Commission of “Solidarity” holds several collections containing documentation related to1981-1983 period in the Polish history. Below are examples of documents from the fond of the General Committee of the NSZZ “Solidarność” Medicines and Medical Equipment Bank and the Dąbrowska – Petersen collection of press clippings. The materials on martial law are to be found also in the documents on”Solidarity” and other opposition groups collected by the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Warsaw, the Priest Prelate Hilary Jastak Collection, the collection of Priest Prelate Henryk Jankowski, and in the documentation of the Polish Veterans’ Solidarity, which was added to the holdings of the Historical Archives of the National Commission of “Solidarity” in 2014. In 2015 the Archives received the collection of Wojciech and Joanna Dombrowscy from Hamburg, and, recently, also gifts from other persons: Teresa Jaros and Elżbieta Przybylska.
Marial law has also been captured on phootographs, posters, postage stamps and envelopes.
Temporary Coordination Committee of NSZZ „Solidarność”
During martial law the highest sentence was given to Ewa Kubasiewicz, who received 10 years in prison and 5 years loss of civil rights for organizing and leading the strike in Marital Academy in Gdynia. I believe her case is worth discussing with pupils and students in order to raise their awareness of how risky it was to perform opposition activities. The report of court proceedings which took place in February 1981 in the Navy Court is to be found in the fond of the Temporary Coordination Committee of NSZZ „Solidarność” – the Solidarity body responsible for coordinating regional structures of the Union since April the 22nd, 1982. The fond contains also information on people imprisoned in December 1981, leaflets, reports, communications, appeals, announcements, appeals and strike instructions.
General Committee of the NSZZ “Solidarność” Medicines and Medical Equipment Bank
The territorial range of martial law in Poland may be presented with the help of a map of imprisonment centres in Poland. Such a map is part of the documents of the General Committee of the NSZZ “Solidarność” Medicines and Medical Equipment Bank. The fond contains lists of imprisoned people, a copy of the decision to imprison Lech Wałęsa, the Position taken by the Labour Party on the situation in Poland, March 1982 issue of “Wiosna Północy” (the Spring of the North) publication (including a a list of people traced by authorities in order to be imprisoned) et al.
Visit us at the in the Archives of the National Committee of NSZZ „Solidarność”.
Those interested in our archival materials are kindly invited to make use of our holdings in our Reading Room. They are accessible from Monday to Friday between 9:00 and 15:30. Please let us know in advance about your planned visit either by phone +48 (58) 308-43-92, +48 (58) 308-44-20, +48 (58) 308-43-83 or at